Tourism In Turkey – Hac Ve Umre Ziyareti http://hacveumreziyareti.com/ Mon, 01 Aug 2022 13:31:39 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://hacveumreziyareti.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/hac-ve-umre-ziyareti-icon.png Tourism In Turkey – Hac Ve Umre Ziyareti http://hacveumreziyareti.com/ 32 32 Global tourism recovers 46% of pre-Covid levels in first 5 months https://hacveumreziyareti.com/global-tourism-recovers-46-of-pre-covid-levels-in-first-5-months/ Mon, 01 Aug 2022 13:31:39 +0000 https://hacveumreziyareti.com/global-tourism-recovers-46-of-pre-covid-levels-in-first-5-months/

Photo source: UNWTO

World tourism managed in the first five months of the year to recover nearly 50 percent pre-pandemic levels of 2019 with Europe in the lead despite the energy crisis, inflationary pressures and the ongoing Russian-Ukrainian war, found the last UNWTO World Tourism Barometer.

Specifically, according to the UNWTO, international tourism recorded a strong rebound in the first five months of 2022, with almost 250 million international arrivals recorded, or 46% of pre-Covid levels, compared to 77 million in the same period a year ago.

“Tourism recovery has gained momentum in many parts of the world, overcoming the challenges that stand in its way,” said the UNWTO Secretary-General. Zurab Pololikashviliwho however added that “economic headwinds and geopolitical challenges could impact the sector in the remainder of 2022 and beyond.”

Europe was one of the winners this year with a 350 percent increase the number of international arrivals in the first five months of 2022 compared to 2021, boosted by strong intra-regional demand and the removal of all travel restrictions.

Travel resumed in Europe in April, when the number of arrivals increased by 458 percent. Overall arrivals are down 36% from pre-Covid 2019.

The Americas also fared well, according to the UNWTO Barometer, with twice as many arrivals in the five-month period of 2022, up 112%. Arrivals, however, were still 40% below 2019 levels.

The report goes on to note that tourism spending is on the rise in key source markets. International spending by French, German, Italian and American tourists is now between 70% and 85% of 2019 levels, while spending by India, Saudi Arabia and Qatar has already exceeded 2019 levels .

Photo source: UNWTO

UNWTO figures indicate that many destinations, including rival Turkey, have fully recovered pre-Covid travel receipts, as have the Republic of Moldova, Serbia, Seychelles, Romania, North Macedonia, Saint Lucia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Pakistan, Sudan, Bangladesh, El Salvador. , Mexico, Croatia and Portugal.

Looking ahead, UNWTO forecasts international arrivals to reach 55-70% of pre-Covid levels in 2022 depending on developments in travel restrictions, inflation, energy prices, general economic conditions, developments in the Russian-Ukrainian war as well as Covid developments. He also goes on to refer to staff shortages, severe airport congestion and flight delays and cancellations which could also impact international tourism figures.

Europe and the Americas are expected to register the best tourism results in 2022. According to the UNWTO, international tourist arrivals in Europe could reach 65-80% of 2019 levels in 2022.


Follow GTP headlines on Google News to keep up to date with all the latest news on tourism and travel in Greece. ]]> Wildfire in southwest Turkey spreads to hotel; nobody hurt https://hacveumreziyareti.com/wildfire-in-southwest-turkey-spreads-to-hotel-nobody-hurt/ Fri, 29 Jul 2022 18:19:00 +0000 https://hacveumreziyareti.com/wildfire-in-southwest-turkey-spreads-to-hotel-nobody-hurt/

Comment

ANKARA, Turkey — A wildfire that broke out at a seaside resort in southwestern Turkey on Friday has spread to a hotel that doubles as a tourism training school, officials said. No injuries were reported and the fire was later brought under control.

The blaze started in the resort town of Icmeler, near the Aegean port city of Marmaris in Mugla province.

Everyone at the hotel and surrounding structures has been safely evacuated, Marmaris Mayor Mehmet Oktay told HaberTurk TV. Video footage showed one side of the hotel in flames. A villa and several vehicles in Icmeler were also damaged.

Prosecutors have opened an investigation into the cause of the fire, the broadcaster reported.

At least seven water-dropping helicopters and five planes attempted to put it out, the Mugla governor’s office said. The Coast Guard has closed an area of ​​the sea to marine traffic to allow helicopters to refill safely, he said.

Last summer, fires fueled by strong winds and scorching temperatures tore through forests in Turkey’s Mediterranean and Aegean regions, including Marmaris. The wildfires have killed at least eight people and countless animals, and have been described as the worst in Turkey’s history.

The government has been criticized for being unprepared to tackle large-scale wildfires, including the lack of modern firefighting aircraft.

]]> Deepwoods Soul Food Serves Tourists and Locals – Lowndes Signal https://hacveumreziyareti.com/deepwoods-soul-food-serves-tourists-and-locals-lowndes-signal/ Thu, 28 Jul 2022 22:04:58 +0000 https://hacveumreziyareti.com/deepwoods-soul-food-serves-tourists-and-locals-lowndes-signal/

On your way to Hayneville you will find a local restaurant that has served as a community anchor for over 10 years. Deepwoods Soul Food serves comfort food such as fried chicken, pork chops, turkey wings, vegetables and desserts.

“We don’t have any restaurants other than QV and Subway and sometimes people want a full meal,” owner Mary Surles Bell said. “We have a parade of people who come every day for the vegetables and our baked meats.”

Deepwoods Soul Food is open Monday through Saturday from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. and 10:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. on Sunday, which is Bell’s busiest time.

“I have a lot of people who come on Sundays. Everyone comes out of church and looks for a place to eat,” Bell said.

The restaurant’s location and hours of operation also make it an important part of the Lowndes County Chamber of Commerce’s ongoing efforts to attract tourism to Lowndes County.

Mary Bell (center) accepts the 2020 Small Business of the Year award surrounded by her family and community Pictured L-R: John Pettaway, Atty Kelly, Ozelle Hubert, David Daniels, Rosa Timmons, Mary Bell, Cynthia Carter, Martin McCall, Cheryl Colvin, Unidentified Guest, Janice Patterson Photo Submitted

“One of the things we’re very concerned about at the Lowndes County Chamber of Commerce is trying to establish ourselves and attract tourists as they come through,” said Ozelle Hubert of the chamber. of Commerce of Lowndes County. “Deepwood Soul food is in a very strategic location on Highway 97, which connects Highway 80 to I-65. It’s a home environment and it’s convenient.

Bell said it’s not just locals she sees gathered at her restaurant’s tables, but also travelers who come to Lowndes County to share in the area’s beauty and history.

“We see people from all over,” Bell said. “Sometimes we have people call ahead and let us know they are visiting the town of Hayneville or Lowndes County and will be bringing their group after they find us online. We really appreciate those who dine with us.

Deepwoods Soul Food was the first recipient of the Small Business of the Year Award established by the Lowndes County Chamber of Commerce and has supported the chamber’s efforts to increase tourism.

Like everywhere in the business world, Deepwoods was challenged by the rising cost of food due to inflation, but was able to adapt thanks to its loyal customers.

“I had to raise my prices a bit, but it’s the only way I know to keep going,” Bell said. “The community has responded well. Business was a little slow when I first raised my prices, but after that the customers gradually came back.

Mary Bell owns the restaurant but gets a lot of help from her family and plans to keep working for as long as possible. When she retires, she plans to allow her son, David Bell, to run the business, but she plans to continue contributing to the restaurant’s success. Prior to owning and operating Deepwoods Soul Food, Bell operated a convenience store in Mosses that served deli style food called J&M Food Mart where it got its start in the restaurant business.

Deepwoods Soul Food is located at 345 South Commerce Street along Highway 97 in Hayneville. Possibility of dining on site or to take away and catering. For more information or to place an order, please call 334-548-5227.

]]>
Goa loses to Coorg, Thailand as wet blanket shrouds tourists’ footsteps https://hacveumreziyareti.com/goa-loses-to-coorg-thailand-as-wet-blanket-shrouds-tourists-footsteps/ Tue, 26 Jul 2022 23:15:41 +0000 https://hacveumreziyareti.com/goa-loses-to-coorg-thailand-as-wet-blanket-shrouds-tourists-footsteps/ Jul 27, 2022 | 07:41 IST

Damp Squib: Goa loses to Coorg, Thailand as wet blanket shrouds tourists’ footsteps

Goa Tourism has successfully organized raindrop tourism, but other national and international attractions keep tourists away

Team Herald

PANJIM: Almost a decade ago, Goa’s tourism industry woke up to the possibility of selling ‘raindrops’ to domestic beach-loving tourists in a bid to promote the hinterland scenic of Goa during monsoon.

Several new attractions have been introduced by the Goa Tourism Development Corporation (GTDC) to attract tourists during the rainy months, and although the coastal state saw impressive attendance a few years ago, the current low season does not seem not be in favor of the industry. .

With countries like Thailand and Turkey reopening their borders to tourists in a big way; and Coorg, Ooty and other hilly places in the south promoting their verdant landscape, sprawling plantations, forests and waterfalls, Goa seems to be lagging behind as a monsoon destination.

Goa Travel and Tourism Association (TTAG) Chairman Nilesh Shah said current hotel occupancy in Goa has declined slightly from 67% last month to 65% this month.

“The business could definitely be better. Other places have opened wide to tourists. Hotel rates in Thailand are very reasonable, which makes up for the airfares. Likewise, Turkey and Egypt have again jumped into the fray,” he told the Herald.

The weekend scene in Goa is still promising with up to 68% occupancy, he added.

Arrivals, however, have on the whole dropped drastically, with other domestic destinations benefiting from the rains.

A resort owner in Ooty said: ‘We get inquiries and bookings are nearly full during the week and weekends. If there are still available slots, we will call back the relevant person interested in vacationing at our property.

Thailand, a popular international destination among Indians, also competes with Goa. “Thailand is no longer just for single travelers or couples, several Indian families also vacation here. Easy visa availability, reasonably priced stay and excellent public transport system give Thailand an edge over Goa,” said a student who has just returned from vacation in Bangkok.

A Margao resident who recently visited Thailand also echoed the fact that the country is now inundated with Indian tourists. “Clean beaches, systematically planned tourist attractions and a pollution-free environment are the USP. Indian tourists shell out an equal amount or maybe a bit more to vacation in Goa, unlike in Thailand, where they get even better services and benefits. This is the reason why Goa loses out to Thai destinations,” he said.

The Goa Adventures Club, which organizes national and international tours, has suggested that the unexplored parts of Goa should be developed in a sustainable way to attract tourists. “Not only Thailand, but Maldives is also on the list of travel destinations for Indians this year. boast of wildlife. The unexplored beauty of Goa must also be explored,” GAC founder Ahraz Mulla told Herald.

Stakeholders, however, hope that tourist numbers will increase in the coming months, and the arrival of foreign tourists in October marks the start of the tourist season in the state. TTAG has also pushed the state government to guarantee electronic visas for charter tourists and for UK travelers to increase the scale of arrivals. “The ministry is aware and we hope that the obstacles around the e-visa will be lifted, to the benefit of travelers and the tourism industry in Goa,” Shah said.

]]>
Dental tourism among UK patients is on the rise, reports BDA https://hacveumreziyareti.com/dental-tourism-among-uk-patients-is-on-the-rise-reports-bda/ Mon, 25 Jul 2022 09:16:19 +0000 https://hacveumreziyareti.com/dental-tourism-among-uk-patients-is-on-the-rise-reports-bda/

LONDON, UK: According to a recent survey by the British Dental Association (BDA), an increasing number of dental patients in the UK are seeking treatment in foreign countries such as Turkey due to low treatment costs. However, evidence suggests that dental treatment abroad is often risky and highly invasive, and many patients need to have their dental problems corrected after treatment at home.

The BDA has worked with the BBC to draw attention to the dangers of seeking dental treatment abroad. Turkey is known to be one of the most popular destinations for those looking for inexpensive cosmetic dental treatment, with the most sought-after procedure being veneers or crowns. The BBC has reported that bookings for procedures abroad are often made online through social media platforms, giving patients easy access to treatment. However, instead of perfecting their smile and reducing treatment costs, these treatments often leave patients with painful infections, tooth extractions and abscesses, not to mention the additional costs for additional care in the event of complications.

The disadvantages of seeking treatment abroad

The BDA survey included 1,000 UK dentists and found that 94% of them had seen patients who had gone abroad for treatment, and of these dental professionals, 86% had had to treat patients who had suffered undesirable dental results after treatment. Follow-up treatment was most commonly required by patients who had undergone dental crowning, followed by those who had received dental implants.

Regarding treatment complications, 86% of the 94% of dentists who examined patients treated abroad reported that patients’ treatment failed or had failed in the past, 76% said that patients felt pain and 72% noted that the treatment had been poorly executed. .

Respondents to the survey said restoring damaged teeth can be expensive, with 65% of the 86% who treated these patients estimating treatment costs at least £500 (€586) and 51% at over £1,000. £. Of these, 20% said it cost more than £5,000. Over 40% of 86% of dentists said curative treatment was provided by the National Health Service (NHS).

Although the vast majority of respondents (98%) cited reducing treatment costs as the key factor influencing patients’ decision to seek treatment abroad, 31% of dentists surveyed said that patients had been attracted abroad because of shorter wait times.

Faced with the increase in dental tourism, 93% of dentists are concerned about the continuity of care for patients, 79% are not satisfied with the quality of care, 77% cite difficulties in seeking compensation or filing complaints, and 66% expressed concerns about poor communication between patients and practitioners.

Additionally, some of the respondents reported issues such as over-prepared teeth, ill-fitting crowns, and lost dental implants. Others expressed concern that the overseas treatment was carried out despite the fact that the patient had untreated periodontal disease, which could have increased the risk of crown and implant failure. and contribute to infection and pain. They noted that in the pursuit of the perfect smile, patients had a lot of work done on healthy teeth and would need to invest a substantial amount of money to maintain their smile or could otherwise risk losing their teeth and need dentures.

“Patients should give informed consent for any treatment they receive and be wary of a forced sale”
— Dr. Eddie Crouch, BDA

With dental tourism becoming increasingly popular, the NHS has developed an overseas treatment checklist for dental patients and has highlighted the importance of informed consent. In addition, the BDA has urged authorities to inform patients through proactive campaigns of the potential risks of treatment abroad.

“Patients should give informed consent for any treatment they receive and beware of a forced sale, as the reality is rarely as simple as it appears on Instagram. Unfortunately, many UK dentists are now picking up the pieces when the things go wrong,” Dr. Eddie Crouch, chairman of the BDA’s main executive committee, said in a press release.

“Complex treatments usually require detailed preparation and a number of follow-up visits. Patients should be made aware of the risks and alternatives to the desired treatment, and advised on what to do if problems arise on their return.

The BDA strongly advises people considering traveling abroad for dental treatment to first check the qualifications and experience of the treating dentist and whether they are insured in case of complications from the treatment.


BDA
Dental care
dental crowns
Turkey
Veneers

]]>
Dataset on the social and psychological effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey https://hacveumreziyareti.com/dataset-on-the-social-and-psychological-effects-of-the-covid-19-pandemic-in-turkey/ Sat, 23 Jul 2022 14:52:59 +0000 https://hacveumreziyareti.com/dataset-on-the-social-and-psychological-effects-of-the-covid-19-pandemic-in-turkey/
  • Aker, S. & Midik, Ö. The views of medical school students in Turkey regarding the COVID-19 pandemic. J. Community health 45684–688 (2020).

    Google Scholar article

  • Ferreira, CM, Sá, MJ, Martins, JG & Serpa, S. The covid-19 contagion-pandemic dyad: a social science perspective. Companies ten1–19 (2020).

    Google Scholar article

  • Garbe, L., Rau, R. & Toppe, T. Influence of perceived threat of Covid-19 and HEXACO personality traits on toilet paper storage. PLoS One 151–12 (2020).

    Google Scholar article

  • Karaar, B. & Canli, D. Psychological resilience and depression during the COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey. Psychiatrist. Danube. 32273–279 (2020).

    Google Scholar article

  • Lesley, M. et al. Integrating social sciences into the response to COVID-19 in Alberta, Canada. BMJ Globe. Heal. 51–7 (2020).

    Google Scholar article

  • Mondino, E., Di Baldassarre, G., Mård, J., Ridolfi, E. & Rusca, M. Public perceptions of multiple risks during the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy and Sweden. Science. Data seven1–7 (2020).

    Google Scholar article

  • Mondin, E. et al. Exploring Changes in Awareness and Preparedness for Hydrogeological Hazards Over Time: A Case Study in Northeastern Italy. Hydrol. Science. J 651049-1059 (2020).

    Google Scholar article

  • Wachinger, G., Renn, O., Begg, C. & Kuhlicke, C. The paradox of risk perception – implications for governance and communication of natural hazards. Anal risk. 331049-1065 (2013).

    Google Scholar article

  • Adger, WN, Quinn, T., Lorenzoni, I., Murphy, C. & Sweeney, J. Changing social contracts in climate change adaptation. Nat. Air conditioning Chang. 3330–333 (2013).

    Article on Google Scholar Ads

  • Roder, G., Hudson, P. & Tarolli, P. Perceptions of flood risk and willingness to pay for flood insurance in the Veneto region of Italy. Int. J. Disaster risk reduction. 37101172 (2019).

    Google Scholar article

  • Tversky, A. & Kahneman, D. Judgment under uncertainty: heuristics and biases. Biases in judgments reveal certain heuristics of thinking under uncertainty. Science (80-.). 1851124-1131 (1974).

    ADS CAS Article Google Scholar

  • Rosen, Z. et al. Anxiety and distress among the first community quarantined in the United States due to COVID-19: psychological implications for the ongoing crisis. PsyArXiv https://doi.org/10.31234/OSF.IO/7EQ8C (2020).

  • Koca, F. Promotion of scientific research on COVID-19 in Turkey. Lancet 396e25–e26 (2020).

    CAS Google Scholar Article

  • Spielberger, C., Gorsuch, R. & Lushene, R. STAI Manual for State Trait Anxiety Inventory. Palo Alto, Calif., consult. Psychol. Hurry (1970).

  • McHugh, RK & Otto, MW Refining the measure of distress intolerance. behavior there. 43641–651 (2012).

    Google Scholar article

  • Sari, E., Şencan Karakuş, B., Kağan, G. & Özdemir, Ö. Dataset on the social and psychological effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey. Mendeley data https://doi.org/10.17632/sv95c7ydpy (2021).

  • Ball, HL Conducting online surveys. J. Hum. The act. 35413–417 (2019).

    Google Scholar article

  • Öner, N. & L Compte, A. Süreksiz Durumluk/Sürekli Kaygı Envanteri el kitabı [Handbook of State-Trait Anxiety Inventory]. Boğaziçi Univ. Yayınları (1983).

  • Çakır, Z. Kadın Üniversite Öğrencilerinde Yeme Tutumlarının Mükemmeliyetçilik, Sosyotropi-Otonomi, Üstbilişler, Duygulara İlişkin İnançlar, Duygusal Zorlanmaya Toleranssızlıkve Kaçınma İle İlişkisi: Yatkınlaştırıcı ve Sürdürücü Faktörlere Dayalı Bir Model Önerisi. Hacettepe Üuniversitesi Sos. Bilim. Enstitüsu (2013).

  • Sari, E., Moilanen, M. & Sommerseth, HL Transgenerational health effects of in utero exposure to economic hardship: evidence from pre-industrial southern Norway. Econ. Hmm. Biol. 43101060 (2021).

    Google Scholar article

  • Şencan, BM Depresif Bozuklukta Zihin Kurami. Psikiyatr. Guncel Yaklasimlar – Curr. Approaches. Psychiatry 1139–51 (2019).

    Google Scholar

  • Şahbaz, İ., Taner, MT, Kağan, G. & Erbaş, E. A Comprehensive Eye Surgery Performance Evaluation by Sigma Quality Level for Eye Care Hospitals in Turkey. A m. J. Opera. Res. 05347–356 (2015).

    Google Scholar

  • Mete Yesil, A., Sencan, B., Omercioglu, E. & Ozmert, EN The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on children with special needs: a descriptive study. Clin. Pediatrician (Phila). https://doi.org/10.1177/00099228211050223 (2021).

  • Ertaş, A., Kağan, G., Akçi, Y. & Zelka, M. Türk Toplumunun Covid-19’a İlişkin Bilgi, Tutum ve Uygulamaları. EKEV Akad. Derg. 86 (2021).

  • Sari, E., Moilanen, M., Bambra, C., Grimsgaard, S. & Njølstad, I. Association between neighborhood health behaviors and body mass index in northern Norway: evidence from the Tromsø study. Scan. J. Public health https://doi.org/10.1177/14034948211059972 (2021).

    PubMed Google Scholar article

  • Percoco, M. Health shocks and human capital accumulation: the case of the Spanish flu in Italian regions. Reg. Standard. 501496-1508 (2015).

    Google Scholar article

  • Almond, D. Is the 1918 flu pandemic over? Long-term effects of in utero exposure to influenza in the post-1940 American population. J. Polit. Econ. 114672–712 (2006).

    Google Scholar article

  • Lin, MJ & Liu, EM Is in utero exposure to disease important? The 1918 influenza epidemic in Taiwan as a natural experiment. J. Health Eco. 37152–163 (2014).

    Google Scholar article

  • Nelson, RE Testing the fetal origins hypothesis in a developing country: Evidence from the 1918 influenza pandemic. Health Eco. 191181–1192 (2010).

    Google Scholar article

  • Acquah, JK, Dahal, R. & Sloan, FA The 1918 influenza pandemic: in utero exposure in the United States and the long-term impact on hospitalizations. A m. J. Public health 1071477-1483 (2017).

    Google Scholar article

  • Wu, B. & Porell, F. Employment characteristics and leisure-time physical activity. J. Aging health 12538-559 (2000).

    CAS Google Scholar Article

  • Stults-Kolehmainen, MA & Sinha, R. The effects of stress on physical activity and exercise. Sports medicine 44 (2014).

  • Alsan, M. & Yang, C. Fear and the safety net: Evidence from safe communities. NBER Work. Porridge. Ser. 24731 (2019).

  • Yamada, Y. et al. COVIDiSTRESS Global Survey dataset on the psychological and behavioral consequences of the COVID-19 outbreak. Science. Data 81–23 (2021).

    Google Scholar article

  • OECD. Sample weight. In PISA Data Analysis Manual 47–56 (OECD, 2009).

  • SB, TCSB 2019-nCoV HASTALIĞI SAĞLIK ÇALIŞANLARI REHBERİ (Bilim Kurulu Çalışması). www.hsgm.saglik.gov.tr ​​(2020).

  • TCMB. TCMB – Faiz Oranlarına İlişkin Basın Duyurusu (2020-01). Turkey Cumhuriyet Merkez Bankasi https://www.tcmb.gov.tr/wps/wcm/connect/TR/TCMB+TR/Main+Menu/Duyurular/Basin/2020/DUY2020-01 (2020).

  • McIntosh, K. 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Update: Unstuck the Virus. A m. Soc. Microbiol. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.02.07.937862V1 (2020).

  • Saba every day. Chinese virus sends shockwaves through travel industry, including Turkey | Saba every day. Daily Sabah https://www.dailysabah.com/tourism/2020/01/28/china-virus-sends-shockwaves-across-travel-sector-including-in-turkey (2020).

  • SB, TCSBTC Sağlık Bakanlığı Twitter’da: “? Yeni Koronavirüs enfeksiyonundan korunma yolları nelerdir?/Twitter. Twitter@saglikbakanligi https://twitter.com/saglikbakanligi/status/1225755162737827841 (2020).

  • SB, TCSBTC Sağlık Bakanlığı Twitter’da: “? Çin’den kargo yoluyla gelen paketler aracılığıyla Yeni Koronavirüs enfeksiyonu bulaşma ihtimali var mıdır?/Twitter. Twitter@saglikbakanligi https://twitter.com/saglikbakanligi/status/1225759617629577218 (2020).

  • SB, TCSBTC Sağlık Bakanlığı Twitter’da: “? Yeni Koronavirüs enfeksiyonunu üst solunum yollarını tutan diğer hastalıklardan ayıran özellikler nelerdir?/Twitter. Twitter@saglikbakanligi https://twitter.com/saglikbakanligi/status/1225737365160939520 (2020).

  • SB, TCSBTC Sağlık Bakanlığı Twitter’da: “? Yeni Koronavirüs (2019-nCoV) nedir?/Twitter. Twitter@saglikbakanligi https://twitter.com/saglikbakanligi/status/1225696129578258432 (2020).

  • TCMB. TCMB – Faiz Oranlarına İlişkin Basın Duyurusu (2020-08). Turkey Cumhuriyet Merkez Bankasi https://www.tcmb.gov.tr/wps/wcm/connect/TR/TCMB+TR/Main+Menu/Duyurular/Basin/2020/DUY2020-08 (2020).

  • Euro news. Sağlık Bakanı Koca: Türkiye’de ilk koronavirüs (Covid-19) vakası tespit edildi. Euronews Turkey https://tr.euronews.com/2020/03/10/sagl-k-bakan-koca-koronavirus-covid-19-salg-n-ile-ilgili-ac-klama-yap-yor (2020).

  • Daily News, H. Turkey is supporting intense R&D to find a coronavirus vaccine. Daily News, Hurriyet https://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/turkey-backing-intense-rd-to-find-coronavirus-vaccine-153068 (2020).

  • TCMB. TCMB – Faiz Oranlarına İlişkin Basın Duyurusu (2020-15). Turkey Cumhuriyet Merkez Bankasi https://www.tcmb.gov.tr/wps/wcm/connect/TR/TCMB+TR/Main+Menu/Duyurular/Basin/2020/DUY2020-15 (2020).

  • Saba every day. Protective measures intensify as COVID-19 cases increase in Turkey. Daily Sabah https://www.dailysabah.com/turkey/protective-measures-ramp-up-as-covid-19-cases-mount-in-turkey/news (2020).

  • Karadag, K. Coronavirus: Turkey prevents older people from leaving their homes. Anadolu Ajansi https://www.aa.com.tr/en/turkey/coronavirus-turkey-restrains-older-citizens-from-leaving-homes/1774287 (2020).

  • Daily News, H. Turkey introduces tougher virus measures as death toll rises to 30. Hurriyet Daily News https://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/turkey-brings-in-more-stringent-virus-measures-as-death-toll-rises-to-30-153201 (2020).

  • IB, TCIB Şehir Giriş/Çıkış Tebirleri ve Yaş Sınırlaması. TC Icisleri Bakanligi https://www.icisleri.gov.tr/sehir-giriscikis-tebirleri-ve-yas-sinirlamasi (2020).

  • IB, TCIB 2 Gün Sokağa Çıkma Yasağı. TC Icisleri Bakanligi https://www.icisleri.gov.tr/2-gun-sokaga-cikma-yasagi (2020).

  • IB, TCIB 17–19 Nisan Tarihleri ​​Arasında 30 Büyükşehir ve Zonguldak İl Sınırları İçerisinde Sokağa Çıkma Yasağı. IB, TC Icisleri Bakanligi https://www.icisleri.gov.tr/17-19-nisan-tarihleri-arasinda-30-buyuksehir-ve-zonguldak-il-sinirlari-icerisinde-sokaga-cikma-yasagi (2020).

  • IB, TCIB 30 Büyükşehir ve Zonguldak İlinde 23-24-25-26 Nisan Tarihlerinde Uygulanacak Sokağa Çıkma Kısıtlaması. TC Icisleri Bakanligi https://www.icisleri.gov.tr/30-buyuksehir-ve-zonguldak-ilinde-23-24-25-26-nisan-tarihlerinde-uygulanacak-sokaga-cikma-kisitlamasi (2020).

  • TCMB. TCMB – Faiz Oranlarına İlişkin Basın Duyurusu (2020-23). Turkey Cumhuriyet Merkez Bankasi https://www.tcmb.gov.tr/wps/wcm/connect/TR/TCMB+TR/Main+Menu/Duyurular/Basin/2020/DUY2020-23 (2020).

  • Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat). Population and demographic statistics of Turkey. Data.TUIK.gov.tr https://data.tuik.gov.tr/Kategori/GetKategori?p=nufus-ve-demografi-109&dil=2 (2022).

  • Dong, E., Du, H. & Gardner, L. An interactive web-based dashboard to track COVID-19 in real time. Lancet infected. Say. 20533-534 (2020).

    CAS Google Scholar Article

  • ]]>
    Will the domino effect see the dollar replaced in relations with Russia in the region? https://hacveumreziyareti.com/will-the-domino-effect-see-the-dollar-replaced-in-relations-with-russia-in-the-region/ Thu, 21 Jul 2022 11:49:28 +0000 https://hacveumreziyareti.com/will-the-domino-effect-see-the-dollar-replaced-in-relations-with-russia-in-the-region/

    Will the domino effect see the dollar replaced in relations with Russia in the region?

    On the sidelines of the Astana Troika summit in Tehran this week, Russian President Vladimir Putin met with his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Among the issues discussed were traditional and non-traditional security threats, such as food security and grain export through the Black Sea, Turkish mediation efforts in the Russian-Ukrainian conflict, and the Syrian and Nagorno-Karabakh situations. .

    According to Bloomberg, before the meeting, another issue was to be included in the discussion – a possible transition to Turkish lira or Russian ruble settlements for Russian energy supply. What are the potential realities of this change and the reasons behind it? If Turkey follows the Iranian example of dealing with Russia in national currencies, should we expect a domino effect among other Middle Eastern countries?

    Turkish interest in using the pound in economic transactions can be explained by domestic pressures on the currency. Turkey faces higher inflationary pressure compared to last year, as it relies heavily on imports of agricultural products, metals and energy. Domestically, Ankara has already started to address the challenges as in April a new law was passed making payments in Turkish lira mandatory for the sale of currency-indexed goods. These payments could help Ankara slow down the decline in its foreign exchange reserves.

    At the geopolitical level, there is the possibility of a broader explanation for this shift, represented in some ways by shared anti-Western policies. It is also the origin of Turkey’s policy of balancing Russia and the West in their current geopolitical rivalry, while supporting the idea of ​​a multipolar world order.

    Turkey’s interest in using the lira in economic transactions can be explained by domestic pressures on the currency

    Dr. Diana Galeeva

    Galip Dalay, from the Berlin-based Center for Applied Turkish Studies, explains that Turkish anti-Westernism tends to be political and selective, while Russia’s is comprehensive and structural. Russian anti-Westernism has been evident to world observers in terms of its actions over the past five months and is straightforward in dividing the world into “friendly” and “hostile” nations, with Western countries in the second category.

    It is more interesting to focus on the Turkish position. I believe that a specific view of Turkey is discussed in Erdogan’s 2021 book “A fairer world is possible: A proposed model for United Nations reform”, in which he states: “The world is not neither unipolar nor bipolar… It is possible to make the world multipolar, multicentric, multicultural. He also explained his plan for reforming the United Nations, in particular the restructuring of the Security Council. He wrote: “Our proposed solution manifests itself in our motto: ‘The world is bigger than five.'” This is the position that Turkey is taking in the current geopolitical rivalry with its balancing policy. As the economic dominance of the US dollar contributes to the dominance of Washington on the world order, a reduced importance of the dollar favors a broader multipolarity.In this respect, the policies of Russia and Turkey are aligned.

    Turkey has already used monetary policy to serve its national interests by shifting payments to national currencies in another area of ​​close bilateral collaboration with Russia – tourism – where alternative payments have been accepted. Despite COVID-19 restrictions, in 2021, 19% of foreign tourists to Turkey were Russians. In 2022, despite the reduction of flights between Russia and Turkey to eight airlines from 17 Russian cities, compared to 18 airlines from 46 cities in 2021, and the closure of some seaside destinations, demand in Russia for holidays in Turkey is strong.

    Despite the high demand for hotels and air tickets, Russians are willing to pay a higher price to visit their favorite destinations, such as Antalya. At the same time, the Turkish hotel industry is very supportive of this decision, with innovations such as the acceptance of the Russian payment system Mir in many places, even for jet ski rental. Therefore, Russian tourists have the feeling of vacationing somewhere in the south of Russia, such as Sochi or Gelendzhik, rather than in a foreign country.

    If Turkey agrees to use national currencies in exchange for Russian energy, this could further promote the domino effect of Middle Eastern countries doing the same in their relations with Russia. For example, the central banks of Russia and Iran agreed last week to drop the US dollar in settlements between the countries and convert them to national currencies. This can be seen as an emerging policy among other Middle Eastern states to balance the relationship between the US/West and the rest of the world (especially Russia, China and India). As fewer countries depend on the US dollar, America’s political and economic importance is reduced.

    On the other hand, with many investments in the United States and other Western countries contributing to greater economic interdependence, there is more risk in this policy for countries like the GCC states. Therefore, the strategy of flirting with the idea of ​​switching to national currencies may continue to be an alternative in the hands of Middle Eastern players, but in practice it will adapt to the policies of countries that have openly declared anti-Western positions. Given Turkey’s policies, it is quite possible that it will take this position. However, this does not indicate that he is supporting any side, rather that he is pursuing his own goals of building a “bigger than five” world, with his special place in it.

    • Dr. Diana Galeeva was Visiting Scholar at St. Antony’s College, University of Oxford (2019-2022). Dr. Galeeva is the author of two books: “Qatar: The Practice of Rented Power” (Routledge, 2022) and “Russia and the GCC: The Case of Tatarstan’s Paradiplomacy” (IB Tauris/Bloomsbury, 2023). She is also co-editor of the collection “Post-Brexit Europe and UK: Policy Challenges Towards Iran and the GCC States” (Palgrave Macmillan, 2021). Twitter: @diana_galeeva

    Disclaimer: The opinions expressed by the authors in this section are their own and do not necessarily reflect the views of Arab News

    ]]>
    Iraq, Iran and local residents continue to oppose Turkish hydroelectric projects along the Tigris · Global Voices Français https://hacveumreziyareti.com/iraq-iran-and-local-residents-continue-to-oppose-turkish-hydroelectric-projects-along-the-tigris-%c2%b7-global-voices-francais/ Tue, 19 Jul 2022 06:23:00 +0000 https://hacveumreziyareti.com/iraq-iran-and-local-residents-continue-to-oppose-turkish-hydroelectric-projects-along-the-tigris-%c2%b7-global-voices-francais/

    A 2008 photo of the now flooded Hasankeyf by Senol Demir via CC BY 2.0

    The following story is part of a series on the Ilisu dam project in Turkey and the Hasankeyf flood.

    The Ilisu dam, completed as part of the Güneydoğu Anadolu Projesi (Southeastern Anatolia Development Project or GAP in Turkish) in 2019, has come under heavy criticism from local and international observers and countries downstream of the Tigris. Upright at 135 meters high and with a total water storage of 10.6 billion cubic meters, tIlisu Dam is the second largest within Turkey after Atatürk Dam, and is the the biggest in the world when measured by infill volume among “concrete-faced rockfill dams”.

    The dam was first imagined more than 70 years ago. But funding problems and international pressure delayed its construction. In an interview with Global Voices, journalist Mehmet Kizmaz explained that when the construction of the Ilisu dam was decided in 2006, several early construction financiers withdrew their export credit guarantees after realizing the environmental, cultural and historical damage that the construction would cause to local residents.

    In 2008, the European companies that were part of the financing consortium transferred their shares to an Austrian company Andritz, which remained with the project throughout the planning and construction stages. In 2010, thanks to loans from mainly Turkish banks backed by the Turkish government, construction finally began. Korkmaz added that at the start of planning, the estimated cost of the dam was at least 2.5 billion euros, of which 800 million euros were spent on expropriation and “resettlement” works. Kizmaz continued:

    Real costs are believed to be higher. Spending such an amount of money on a devastating project that brought nothing but poverty left the region that was already lagging behind economically even poorer.

    The dam became operational in 2019. However, in the process of creating a water storage reservoir, the 12,000-year-old town of Hasankeyf was flooded. At the time, the Turkish government pointed out that an electrical capacity of 1,200 megawatts (MW) would produce 4.1 billion kWh of electricity per year (about TRY 3 billion in annual revenue – USD 300 million). The expected revenues from energy, irrigation and tourism were used to justify the flooding of the ancient city and the relocation of the inhabitants of the city.

    It is still difficult to estimate the economic impact of the dam on the region. In 2014, the deputy of Hakkâri Noted the skewed impact of development, explaining that “land values ​​in some cities have been intentionally raised through planning and zoning. This is an intentional state policy, the introduction of wild capitalism into the region. It is a policy of development and biased social engineering, an attempt to shape a new identity. Overall, the Ilisu Dam did not reduce inequality“The project enabled 61.4% of small agricultural enterprises to cultivate only 10.5% of the land, while 6.2% of large agricultural enterprises cultivated nearly half of the land.”

    While the economic benefits of the dam are still unclear, the ecological and social damage remains a primary concern for local residents. Ridvan Ayhan, a Hasankeyf resident and activist who spoke to Global Voices, said people had lost their vineyards, gardens, land and homes as they had all been flooded. “Some 80,000 to 100,000 people had to migrate,” Ayhan explained, adding, “There is no future without a past, they destroyed our history, our culture, this history is not only ours , it is the history of humanity, it is a historic massacre.

    The flooding of the historic town of Hasankeyf has been at the heart of organized opposition to the dam. Among the most vocal opponents is Ismail Can, head of excavations at Karahan Tepe, one of Turkey’s oldest archaeological sites, who spoke to Global Voices about the extent of the destruction:

    Since the world exists, humanity has not stopped working to leave a mark on this world wherever it has lived. They left behind magnificent structures that represent them, and sadly, we don’t even know what kind of humanity we destroyed. Hasankeyf has hosted dozens of civilizations. All this we have now destroyed for the sake of a dam. It is impossible to compare the cultural heritage of Hasankeyf, which is thousands of years old, one of the main cradles of human civilization, with some income from the Ilisu Dam Hydroelectric Power Station.

    The international consequences of the GAP

    The Ilisu dam does not only impact Turkish citizens.

    In 2002, a delegation of three British non-governmental organizations – The Ilisu Dam Campaign, the Kurdish Human Rights Project and the Corner House – published a report on the potential downstream effects of dams. According to report, “The GAP dams have already caused significant changes in the flow regime of the Euphrates and to a lesser extent the Tigris, both in terms of quality and quantity. The reduced flow of the Euphrates has already caused an increase in salinity in the lower reaches of the river, severely affecting agriculture, and the full implementation of the GAP would have major adverse consequences for a large number of people living in [Syria and Iraq]and that “Turkey violates the letter or the spirit of, or does not respect… international conventions on the sharing and use of water, in particular the United Nations Convention on the Law of Non-Navigable Uses of Waters”. international watercourses.

    The governments of Iraq and Iran, whose people are heavily dependent on the Tigris, have strongly opposed the GAP and the Ilisu dam. In 2018, the Iraqi Prime Minister Haidar al-Abadi accused the Turkish government of abusing the Ilisu dam for political reasons, the Iraqi authorities Noted that dams along dozens of tributaries have cut off more than half of the water flowing into Iraq compared to 20 years ago. Iranian Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian long criticized Hydrological projects of Turkey, in May 2022 call them “unacceptable” and extremely damaging to Iranian citizens.

    An Iranian Change.org petition to stop Turkey from building more dams.

    Considering that more than 50 percent of all regional water sources are shared between more than one country, Mehmet Kizmaz concluded with the outsized implications of GAP projects internationally, “the Ilisu dam has had a very negative downstream of the Tigris; Serious problems have arisen in the drinking water supply of many Iraqi cities, notably Baghdad and Mosul. Iraqi agriculture, which relied heavily on river irrigation, was also at great risk. Iranian environmental organizations have announced that the Ilisu dam project will accelerate environmental problems and exacerbate the dust clouds formed by the drying up of the Mesopotamian (Ahwar) marshes, which will be destroyed by the Ilisu dam.

    Local and international resistance to the future development of Turkish rivers remains limited. A The Change.org petition has been launched by Iranian militants in order to prevent new hydroelectric developments responsible for droughts throughout Iran. Years of protests in southern Iraq have also blamed Turkish dams for worsening water scarcity concerns. Kizmaz concluded that locally “there is no reaction to Hasankeyf at the moment. Because people rightly think it’s all over. Because of this, everyone was silent. This also applies to other people, especially activists and journalists, who have been fighting for years. I also have this feeling. Is there a chance of bringing the dead back to life?”

    ]]>
    The Youth Orchestra of Palestine will give a “concert for peace” in Turkey https://hacveumreziyareti.com/the-youth-orchestra-of-palestine-will-give-a-concert-for-peace-in-turkey/ Sat, 16 Jul 2022 13:18:41 +0000 https://hacveumreziyareti.com/the-youth-orchestra-of-palestine-will-give-a-concert-for-peace-in-turkey/

    The Palestinian Youth Orchestra, which also includes Mariam Afifi – the symbol of Palestinian resistance – has completed its preparations for the “Palestine-Turkey Peace Concert” to be held at the Presidential Symphony Orchestra (CSO) on July 19.

    Prior to the concert, young Palestinian musicians will be welcomed by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s wife, First Lady Emine Erdoğan, at the presidential compound.

    In a phone conversation with Palestinian artist Afifi, who was arrested after being dragged by her hijab while defending Al-Aqsa Mosque during Israeli attacks on Palestinians in May 2021, First Lady Erdoğan said said, “She said she would be happy to see the Palestine Youth Orchestra in Turkey.”

    President's chief adviser Fecir Alptekin talks about the

    After the meetings held with the Edward Said National Conservatory of Music, which is part of the Palestine Youth Orchestra, it was decided to organize concerts in Istanbul and Ankara in Turkey in cooperation with the CSO.

    The musicians of the Palestinian Youth Orchestra, who came to Turkey under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, had an intense period of preparation for the concerts.

    At the concert, the first of which will take place on July 19 at the CSO Ada Ankara Historical Hall, the world premieres of two works composed for peace will be made. For the first time, “Rhapsody of Anatolia” was composed by Yusuf Yalçın and “Dance of Altos” by Palestinian Bishara Kell for the “Peace Concert” where folk melodies from both countries will be mixed.

    The youth orchestra is made up of 80% Palestinians while 20% are Turkish musicians.

    The conductor of the Presidential Symphony Orchestra (OSC), Can Deliorman, talks about the

    The Palestinian Youth Orchestra, which came to Turkey at the invitation of First Lady Emine Erdoğan, has completed its preparations for the

    Fecir Alptekin, senior adviser to the president, told Anadolu Agency (AA) that the Palestine Youth Orchestra was created to bring together Palestinian musicians scattered around the world following the 1948 exile.

    Alptekin said that the concerts in Turkey will be organized with CSO chief Can Deliorman.

    Noting that Emine Erdoğan will host the members of the Palestine Youth Orchestra at the presidential guesthouse on Monday, “After his phone call with Afifi, they will meet for the first time. The concerts will be given later,” he said. she added. .

    Young Palestinians from 10 countries came to Turkey as part of the concert. “It is important to be aware of them. Emine Erdoğan’s invitation is very valuable and the presence of Palestinian youth in Turkey is of global significance,” Alptekin said.

    Fecir Alptekin pointed out that all efforts to preserve traditional Palestinian culture are tried to be hindered and that the call for peace from Palestinian musicians must be made from Turkey.

    The Palestinian Youth Orchestra, which came to Turkey at the invitation of First Lady Emine Erdoğan, has completed its preparations for the

    The Palestine Youth Orchestra completes its preparations for the

    Palestinian artist Afifi has also said that he fights the pressure put on him by harnessing the unifying power of music.

    Afifi said, “We want to make our voices heard and our country’s name heard in Turkey. We want to make our voices heard around the world, with the unifying power of music, against boycott, bans and the attempt to ‘erasing the name ‘Palestine’ in our country. Our goal is to end this boycott.

    CSO Chief Deliorman also said that there are very talented young people in the Palestine Youth Orchestra and they are very enthusiastic about their music.

    Deliorman said the youngsters were educated by academics while in Turkey and Palestinian musicians showed rapid development. “We are giving a message of peace here, we are calling for peace,” he added.

    Director of the Palestinian Youth Orchestra, Suhail Khoury, talks about the

    Director of the Palestinian Youth Orchestra, Suhail Khoury, speaks about the “Palestine-Turkey Peace Concert” to be held at the Presidential Symphony Orchestra (CSO), Ankara, Turkey, July 16, 2022. (AA Photo)

    Director of the Edward Said National Conservatory and the Palestinian Youth Orchestra, Suhail Khoury, said that the Palestinian Youth Orchestra, founded in 2004, has performed concerts in Scandinavian countries, the Netherlands, France, in England, Italy, Germany, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon and Oman in recent years.

    Saying that the invitation from the highest authority of the Republic of Turkey was very special, Khoury added: “We are very happy to be here. It’s the biggest invitation we’ve ever received. There was great solidarity between the two countries. the cultures are already very close, it is a very important opportunity.

    “We organized a very special program for here. We learned the two important Turkish works at the same time. These became very important works that entered our repertoire in our country, in our schools,” he said. -he declares.

    The orchestra will perform “Kürdilihicazkar Longa” by Kemani Sebuh Efendi and “I am on a long and narrow road” by Aşık Veysel.

    Sabah’s daily newsletter

    Keep up to date with what is happening in Turkey, in its region and in the world.


    You can unsubscribe anytime. By signing up, you agree to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.

    ]]>
    Underground wonders: the most amazing and breathtaking caves in the world https://hacveumreziyareti.com/underground-wonders-the-most-amazing-and-breathtaking-caves-in-the-world/ Fri, 15 Jul 2022 10:03:10 +0000 https://hacveumreziyareti.com/underground-wonders-the-most-amazing-and-breathtaking-caves-in-the-world/

    Caves are defined as subterranean cavities connected to the surface, deep enough not to receive daylight and whose width and height allow at least one person to crawl inside.

    The branch of science that studies this mysterious and sometimes frightening natural formation is called caving.

    There are of course different types of caves such as karst caves, salt caves, ice caves, sea caves and wind caves. Natural forms such as stalactites, stalagmites, columns and travertines can form there.

    The cellars can be used as a natural cold room, for the storage and maturation of cheeses and oils, for the cultivation of mushrooms, for the treatment of respiratory diseases or as military shelters.

    Fingal’s Cave is a sea cave located on the uninhabited island of Staffa in Scotland. (Photo Shutterstock)

    There are creatures living in or around them seasonally or continuously, and they are also very important for tourism, especially health tourism.

    The fact that cave temperatures typically range between 17 and 24 degrees Celsius (62 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit) and humidity levels of 40% to 80% throughout the year, and that these numbers have no tendency to vary, gives caves characteristics of microclimate.

    Throughout history, people have taken advantage of caves.

    After learning to use the sea for the first time in South Africa, people used sea caves for shelter, and on some continents for art or for rock-hewn tombs.

    Here are some tourist caves from different parts of the world that are sure to turn heads.

    Son Doong Cave is so big that it has its own big river, ecosystem and climate.  (Photo Shutterstock)

    Son Doong Cave is so big that it has its own big river, ecosystem and climate. (Photo Shutterstock)

    Son Doong

    First discovered in 1991 by Vietnam native Ho Khanh, Son Doong Cave in Vietnam was declared the largest cave in the world after a 2009 survey. It is so big that it has its own large river, a tropical forest and small mountains. This distinctive place is home to its own ecosystem and its own climate.

    The cave is at least 5 kilometers (3.1 miles) long and can reach a height of 200 meters (656 ft) in places.

    According to experts, much of it is still waiting to be discovered.

    Fingal's Cave in Scotland has a wide arched entrance and is filled with seawater. (Photo Shutterstock)

    Fingal’s Cave in Scotland has a wide arched entrance and is filled with seawater. (Photo Shutterstock)

    Fingal’s Cave

    Fingal’s Cave is a sea cave located on the uninhabited island of Staffa, Scotland. The cave, which has a wide arched entrance, is filled with seawater. Guided tours are run by local companies from April to September to venture out and see it.

    In calm conditions, the short distance from the cave to the island can be walked, where a row of fractured columns form a walkway just above high water level allowing exploration on foot.

    The cave takes its name from the eponymous hero of an epic poem by 18th-century Scottish poet-historian James Macpherson.

    In Irish mythology the hero Fingal is known as Fionn mac Cumhaill, and it is suggested that Macpherson rendered the name Fingal – meaning “white stranger” – by misinterpreting the name, which in Old Gaelic would appear as Finn .

    The legend of the Giant’s Causeway says that Fionn or Finn built the causeway between Ireland and Scotland.

    Waitomo Glowworm is a cave located in New Zealand, known for its population of Arachnocampa luminosa, a species of glowworm found exclusively in the country.  (Photo Shutterstock)

    Waitomo Glowworm is a cave located in New Zealand, known for its population of Arachnocampa luminosa, a species of glowworm found exclusively in the country. (Photo Shutterstock)

    Waitomo Glowworm Caves

    Waitomo Glowworm is a cave located in Waitomo on the North Island of New Zealand. It has a modern reception center designed largely in wood at the entrance.

    It was discovered by British researchers in 1884.

    It is known for its population of Arachnocampa luminosa, a species of glowworm found exclusively in New Zealand.

    The cave is part of the Waitomo stream system which includes Ruakuri Cave, Lucky Strike and Tumutumu Cave.

    Guided tours take visitors through three different levels with the catacombs on the upper level. The second level is called the banquet hall, while the third and final level leads to the cathedral, the demonstration platform and the pier.

    The tour ends with a boat ride through the Glowworm Cave, taking visitors along the underground Waitomo River where the only light comes from the tiny glowworms creating a sky of living lights.

    Jeita Grotto is the national symbol of Lebanon and a top tourist destination.  (Photo Shutterstock)

    Jeita Grotto is the national symbol of Lebanon and a top tourist destination. (Photo Shutterstock)

    jeita grotto

    Jeita Grotto is located in the Nahr al-Kalb Valley, north of the Lebanese capital, Beirut. The cave is the national symbol of Lebanon and a leading tourist destination, as well as an important economic and cultural icon. It was one of the top 14 finalists in a new contest of seven natural wonders.

    It is thought to have been inhabited in prehistoric times, and its modern discovery was made by the Reverend William Thomson in 1836. Explorations continued in the following years and parts of the cave were opened to tourism in 1958 Closed in 1978 due to the civil war, the caves were reopened in 1995 and remain one of the most important natural attractions in the country.

    It is a system of two separate, yet interconnected, karst limestone caves spanning a total length of nearly 9 kilometers.

    The lower cave can only be visited by boat as it is home to an underground river that provides fresh drinking water to over a million Lebanese.

    Phraya Nakhon in Thailand is a large cave with a hole in the ceiling that lets in sunlight, which sometimes shines directly on a pavilion in the heart of the cave.  (Photo Shutterstock)

    Phraya Nakhon in Thailand is a large cave with a hole in the ceiling that lets in sunlight, which sometimes shines directly on a pavilion in the heart of the cave. (Photo Shutterstock)

    Phraya Nakhon Cave

    Located in Thailand, Phraya Nakhon Cave can be reached by boat or by hiking up Mount Tian and then climbing about 450 meters.

    Phraya Nakhon is a large cave with a hole in the ceiling that lets in sunlight.

    At the top of the hole is a bridge known as the “Bridge of Death” – so named because many wild animals die after falling from it.

    At certain times in certain months, the sun shines directly on a pavilion in the heart of the cave.

    Caverns of Moans

    The Moaning Caverns is a solution cave located in Calaveras County, in the US state of California. It was discovered in modern times by gold diggers in 1851, but had long been known as an interesting geological feature by prehistoric peoples.

    It takes its name from the groan that echoed out of the cave, luring people to the entrance; however, after the opening was enlarged by humans to allow public access, sounds were disrupted and distorted.

    The part of the cave arranged for tourists consists of a spacious vertical shaft, which is descended by a combination of stairs and a unique spiral staircase built in the early 1900s.

    It is open to the public for walking tours and caving.

    Tours are organized every hour and last 45 minutes.

    More than 30 caves around Turkey are open for tourism, including Karaca Cave in Gümüşhane.  (Photo Shutterstock)

    More than 30 caves around Turkey are open for tourism, including Karaca Cave in Gümüşhane. (Photo Shutterstock)

    Turkey’s Underground Wonders

    In Turkey, 40% of the country’s land is suitable for cave formation and there are about 40,000 caves. Examination of 1,100 caves, mostly in the western and central Taurus Mountains, has been completed.

    The longest cave in the country is Pınarözü in Isparta province, while the deepest cave is Peynirlikönü cave in Mersin district.

    More than 30 caves across the country are open to tourism, and there are many caves for special interest groups that can only be entered with the proper equipment and guides.

    Çal Cave, in Trabzon, northern Turkey, was formed in two stages and over a period of 8 million years.  (Photo Shutterstock)

    Çal Cave, in Trabzon, northern Turkey, was formed in two stages and over a period of 8 million years. (Photo Shutterstock)

    Cave of Cal

    It is estimated that Çal Cave, located in the province of Trabzon in northern Turkey, was formed in two stages and over a period of 8 million years.

    The construction of its tourist aspects was completed in 2000 and it was opened for tourism in 2003. According to some sources, it is located at 1,116 meters or 1,050 meters above sea level.

    A stream that reaches 1 to 1.5 meters deep in the rainy season passes inside the cave. Above the cave there is also a historic castle.

    Dividing into two branches 200 meters from its entrance, the cave houses a small lake and a waterfall.

    Ballıca Cave in northern Tokat Turkey is one of the largest caves in the world.  (Photo Shutterstock)

    Ballıca Cave in northern Tokat Turkey is one of the largest caves in the world. (Photo Shutterstock)

    Ballica Cave

    The formation of Ballıca Cave, located in Tokat Province, northern Turkey, is estimated to have started around 3.5 million years ago.

    The cave, which is among the largest caves in the world, is 680 meters long and 90 meters high. After entering the cave, you climb 19 meters and descend 75 meters. Open to visitors since 1995, this cave was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List in 2019.

    It is one of the must-see places with its unique cave pearls, stalagmite stalactites, pools, cave roses and many other charming features.

    ice cave

    Although there is no clear information about the formation of the Buz, or ice cave, located in the eastern province of Ağrı in Turkey, data from some researchers shows that the cave is an elliptical pit with an axis long, about 50 meters wide, 100 meters long and 8 meters deep.

    It is not clear if this pit is a meteorite crater or if it was formed after the collapse of a natural structure. In the ice cave, basalt lava rocks and layers of ice formed by the freezing of pure and clean water are observed on these rocks.

    Far from the light of day, these dark but attractive caves, which are only one of the thousands of extraordinary beauties of nature, are the favorite destinations of adventurers and travelers.

    Undoubtedly, nature will continue to amaze us with new discoveries in the future.

    ]]>